Frequently Asked Questions
1. What is Celox
Celox is a very effective hemostat granule. It is made of a proprietary composition which contains chitosan. Chitosan is a natural polymer extracted from shrimp shells and highly purified. Celox’s composition is protected by 3 international patent applications.
2. How does Celox work?
Celox™ granules are very high surface area flakes. When they come in contact with blood, Celox™ swells, gels, and sticks together to make a gel like clot, without generating any heat. It works independently of the body’s normal clotting mechanism and can clot hypothermic or even heparinised blood.
3. Where can I get the product?
Celox is sold through a network of distributors. To find out who represents Celox in your area, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org detailing what country you are in with details about your intended use.
4. Is Celox a Pharmaceutical?
No. Celox is a Medical Device. It is regulated in a similar but more diligent way than a Band Aid.
5. Will Celox stop severe life threatening bleeding?
Yes, if applied to the bleeding vessel Celox can stop the severe bleeding from a severed artery. This has been tested by the US military and shown in actual battlefield use.
6. Will Celox clot blood containing anticoagulants such as Coumadin?
Yes, Celox has been tested and proven to clot blood containing heparin and Coumadin (generic name warfarin). The FDA have reviewed these tests and allowed us to make this claim.
7. Will Celox clot hypothermic blood?
Yes, Celox has been tested and proven to clot blood as cool as 13 C. The FDA have reviewed these tests as part of our 510k application and by BSI as part of our class III CE Mark.
8. Can Celox be easily removed from a wound?
Yes. In cases of emergency bleeding, Celox should be left in the wound until the patient in seen by medical personnel. It can then be easily removed. Remove as much as possible by hand, then irrigate the wound with water or saline. In cases of minor bleeding Celox can be removed once the wound has stabilized. This can be as short as 10 minutes. Irrigate with water or saline. Chitosan is a natural polysaccharide (polymer made of sugars) and has been shown to be broken down to basic sugars (glucosamine & n-acetyl glucosamine) by lysozyme, one of the body’s normal enzymes. Celox™ does NOT use non degrading procoagulant minerals or nano particles such as kaolin, smectite or zeolite, which will remain in the body indefinitely unless completely removed.
9. What Shelf life does Celox have?
3 years at manufacture. We have tested and proven that Celox will still pass its original specification after 3 years ageing. These results were reviewed by the FDA as part of our 510k approval and by BSI as part of our class III CE Mark.
10. How much is needed to treat a severe wound?
All wounds are different but the 5-foot gauze has been tested and stopped bleeding from a major artery, as has the 15 g granules. The larger sizes (10 foot gauze, 35 g granules) give additional security for more complex injuries or multiple wounds on one casualty.
11. Is Celox suitable for minor wounds?
Yes. It will stop minor bleeding fast reducing blood loss and giving you more control.
12. Will Celox adversely affect later wound healing?
No. Celox has been tested to show that wound healing continues normally after its use.
13. Does Celox generate heat?
No. Celox has been tested and shown not to generate any increase in heat during blood clotting.
14. How is Celox used?
Celox use is easy. Pour, Pack And Press.
- Pour on to the area of the wound.
- Pack any cavity with either Celox or gauze.
- Press. Compress the wound to push the Celox into place and stop blood flow for a short period while the Celox clot develops and strengthens.
The amount of time and pressure required depends on the pressure at which blood is coming out of the body. For minor wounds, finger tip pressure for a few seconds should be adequate. For severe bleeding strong pressure for 3 minutes (with Celox Gauze) or up to 5 minutes (with granules) or as long as reasonable in the circumstances, is advised. Should a wound start to re-bleed (and you believe Celox was put over the bleeding area) then just hold pressure for longer. If you suspect Celox is no longer contacting the area where the bleeding is coming from, then remove and apply a fresh pack. Additional packs can be used if required.
15. Are there any contraindications?
Celox is not intended for internal (surgical) use. Celox should not be used in the eyes. It is not indicated for use in the mouth.
16. What if I get it in my eyes?
If eye irritation occurs, flush with water for five minutes.
17. Which is the best product for me to use?
The best version depends on your application. The best place to start is to read the product section at the foot of the relevant users’ page, whether military, security and close protection services, police, first responder, paramedic, industrial first aid, expedition and remote medicine or humanitarian relief. These describe the most relevant products for each user.
18. Do people with shellfish allergies have allergic reaction to Celox as a result of the chitosan?
There have been no known or suspected allergic reactions as a result of using Celox since its launch in 2006. The chitosan has been extensively tested on individuals with suspected and confirmed shellfish allergy, none of the test subjects demonstrated any dermal sensitivity when tested against the chitosan material.