How Celox Works
Celox™ granules are actually very high surface area flakes. When they come in contact with blood, Celox™ swells, gels, and sticks together to make a gel like clot, without generating any heat. Celox™ does not set off the normal clotting cascade, it only clots the blood it comes directly into contact with.
This mode of action has a number of major benefits:
- Quickly clots hypothermic blood.
- Works on blood thinners.
- Works on blood with anti-platelet drugs.
- No heat generated.
- Leftover material is naturally absorbed by the body.
Celox quickly clots hypothermic (cold) blood
Severe traumatic blood loss quickly leads to the victim becoming hypothermic, irrespective of the outside temperature. Hypothermic blood is coagulopathic (does not clot normally) and so becomes harder to stop.
Blood thinners (anticoagulants) and Anti-platelet therapy
Celox works on casualties using blood thinners (anticoagulants) and anti-platelet therapy.
An increasing number of people are on anticoagulants, presenting an extra challenge if they are injured. With Celox, this is not a concern as it works equally well on blood containing anti-coagulants and this has been tested on blood containing heparin or warfarin1,2,3.
In fact Celox works in a range of difficult bleeding problems, as shown in published results using Celox in patients with severe coagulation problems4. These are cases of bleeding after complex surgery where other haemostatic agents had failed to control the problem.
“Celox simply clots the blood once it comes directly into contact with it, thus not setting off the normal clotting cascade. Since chitosan works independently from the physiological clotting mechanisms, it has also been proved to work in the presence of common anti-coagulants such as warfarin as well as in the presence of heparin”
Proven safe and no heat generated
Celox™ is made with chitosan, a natural polysaccharide. Chitosan has a known metabolic pathway. That means any left in the body is broken down by the body’s normal enzymes and converted into materials normally present in the body. This is unlike other haemostats that can leave mineral residuals in the body6,7.
The chitosan in Celox is a specific high quality grade selected for medical use from a shellfish source and the product has been through extensive safety testing to the most stringent class of European Medical Device regulations. As part of this work the chitosan has been tested on human subjects with confirmed fish or shrimp hypersensitivity and none of the subjects showed any skin reaction to the chitosan5.
Celox does not produce any heat at all in use, unlike some mineral-based haemostats.