Celox published results from the field.

Celox has been tested on the battlefield in Afghanistan as well as in civilian EMT use with excellent results in all cases.  This page summarises the clinical results with Celox.  The controlled laboratory test results that underpin this performance are on our evidence page.


On the Battlefield.

“A quick and efficient haemostic action, producing a stable clot”1

  • Stops bleeding from gunshot and blast wounds
  • Life-threatening bleeding controlled.
  • No leakage or re-bleeding.
Location of injuries

Click to enlarge

A report from Afghanistan1 studied 21 cases where Celox was used to treat gunshot wounds including neck, shoulder, upper and lower limb injuries (figure).  Bleeding was life-threatening in 15 of the cases.  Nearly all of the limb injuries had a tourniquet in place but continued bleeding.  In every case Celox stopped the bleeding and in 18 cases this happened within one minute.

In another series, Celox Gauze was used successfully to control bleeding in a range of severe injuries in Afghanistan2. In all the cases, after Celox Gauze was used there was no leakage or re-bleeding when it was removed, up to 24 hours later.

Tragically, severe blast injuries have been a regular occurrence in recent conflict. Often these are too far up the limb for control by tourniquet alone. The reports on Celox Gauze from Afghanistan include use in these injuries 2,3.

 In Emergency Services

“A safe and useful tool in stopping or controlling external blood loss”2

Use of Celox gauze in emergency services has been published in a series of cases from a helicopter ambulance series2. Published cases include RTA, crush and fall injuries. Celox Gauze was used successfully and there was no leakage or re-bleeding when the dressings were later removed.

Taken together with the military evidence on gunshot wounds1, there is clear evidence that Celox provides a useful treatment for Law Enforcement, Emergency Medicine and other pre-hospital emergency services.

  1. Celox (chitosan) for haemostasis in massive trauma bleeding: experience in Afghanistan. Pozza M, Millner R. European Journal of Emergency Medicine 18(1):31-33 Feb 2011.
  2. Field experience with a chitosan-based haemostatic dressing. Tan ECTH, Bleeker CP MCI Forum 3.(4): 11-15, 2011.
  3. A pre-hospital technique for controlling haemorrhage from traumatic perineal and high amputation injuries. Quayle JM, Thomas GOR. Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps 157(4): 4190420 (2011).

Success Stories

Impressed by clotting capability

Some of my medics used CELOX a few weeks ago and were very impressed with its clotting capability. We only had one re-bleed but that…

Read More

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